Week 6 discussion 2 ethical leadership


Define and describe the principles of ethical leadership. Which two of the five covered in Chapter 16 do you think are the most important? Why? 

Week Six Lecture

This final week our focus is on culture and leadership, as well as leadership ethics. These are two very important topics in terms of understanding and working with business strategies.  

Our first chapter reading this week focuses on culture and leadership. What is culture and why is it important in terms of business strategies? There are many definitions for culture. According to our textbook, “culture is defined as the learned beliefs, values, rules, norms, symbols and traditions that are common to a group of people” (Northouse, 2013, p. 384).  Another definition on culture is that

Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving (Texas A&M University, Culture, n.d., para. 1).

One last definition might be that “culture is the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts (Zimmermann, 2012, para. 1). 

Now that there is an understanding of what culture is, why is culture so important in terms of business strategies? There is a great interview that dives into the importance of aligning culture and strategies in organizations that is recommended to read. It can be found via this link: 

Aligning Organizational Culture with Business Strategy (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 


The value of connecting both the organizations strategy, which would include the values, vision and mission, with the culture is a win-win for both the organization and the employees that come together that make it happen. As we have defined above, culture is a shared connection of knowledge, beliefs, values, etc. In an organizational culture these shared beliefs create an environment in which the stakeholders work together to not only be productive but to also create a successful organization. It should be noted that “culture formed by the moment, will also change by the moment, and ultimately it will disappear in a moment” (Myatt, 2012, para 4). Culture is not formed overnight. It is developed over time and becomes second nature to the organization and the manner in which it operates. 

Below is a video that illustrates cultural dimensions:

Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Theory Video – Lesson and Example (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://youtu.be/mNntW_DA0x0)

When working with the term culture, there are many elements to consider. These include ethnocentrism and prejudice. Ethnocentrism is when a group feels their culture is superior to others. Another definition would be that “ethnocentrism is the tendency to believe that one’s ethnic or cultural group is centrally important, and that all other groups are measured in relation to one’s own (Princeton University, n.d., para. 1). Prejudice according to our textbook is to have a fixed “attitude, belief or emotion” towards another based on invalid information (Northouse, 2013, p. 385). 

Below is an interesting video on sociology ethnocentrism and cultural relativism.

Sociology Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://youtu.be/antnSXwrBnM)

Moving forward, let’s look at Chapter 16, which focuses on leadership ethics. As we look at the contents of this chapter, let’s break down the meaning behind leadership ethics. As illustrated in our textbook, ethics relate to one’s “customs, conduct or character” as they relate to ones values, morale and what is and what is not appropriate (Northouse, 2013, p. 424). 

An excellent article on the topic of leadership ethics that is recommended is:

Ethical Leadership: Right Relationships and the Emotional Bottom Line (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://www.ethicalleadership.com/BusinessArticle.htm)

The principles of ethical leadership focus on five disciplines:

Respect Others

Serves Others

Shows Justice

Manifests Honesty

Builds Community (Northouse, 2013, p. 431).

Below is an excellent video with Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple discussing ethical leadership.

Apple CEO Tim Cook on Ethical Leadership (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (http://youtu.be/3ygNKNaMv4c)

Forbes School of Business Faculty


Boutot, R. (2011, November 10). Sociology ethnocentrism and cultural relativism (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/antnSXwrBnM

Duke University – The Fuqua School of Business. (2013, May 30). Apple CEO Tim Cook on Ethical Leadership (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/3ygNKNaMv4c

Education Portal. (2014, September 28). Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory video – Lesson and example (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved http://youtu.be/mNntW_DA0x0

Myatt, M. (2012, May 29). Culture vs. strategy – What’s more important? (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Forbes. Retrieved from 


Northouse, P. (2013). Leadership theory and practice (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 

Princeton University (n.d.). Ethnocentrism (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Retrieved from http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Ethnocentrism.html

Texas A & M University (n.d.) Culture (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Retrieved from http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/choudhury/culture.html

Zimmermann, K.A. (2015, February 19). What is culture? Definition of culture (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Life Science. Retrieved from http://www.livescience.com/21478-what-is-culture-definition-of-culture.html

Required Resource


Northouse, P. (2013). Leadership theory and practice (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN: 9781452203409.

Recommended Resources


It is recommended that you read the following articles to gain a better understanding of leadership (Retrieved from the ProQuest database):

Alahmad, A. (2010, First Quarter). To be ethical or not to be: An international code of ethics for leadership. Journal of Diversity Management, 5(1), 31-35.

Allio, R. J. (2007). Allio, R. J. (2007). Bad leaders: How they get that way and what to do about them. Strategy & Leadership, 35(3), 12-17.

Ciulla, J.B. (2010, March). Being there: Why leaders should not “fiddle” while Rome burns. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 40(1) 38-56.

Dooley, R. (2003, Summer). Four cultures, one company: Achieving corporate excellence through working cultural complexity. Organization Development Journal, 21(2), p.52.

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.