Watch and listen to performances of Frederick Chopin (1810-1849 Poland/France) dash; Piano Etude No. 1 in C major, performed by three extraordinary virtuoso pianists:

Instrumental music and its performance on You Tube.

Please read and answer all following questions.

1. Watch and listen to performances of Frederick Chopin (1810-1849 Poland/France) dash; Piano Etude No. 1 in C major, performed by three extraordinary virtuoso pianists:

Vladimir Ashkenazi (1937- Russia/Switzerland) (please watch him playing)

Marta Argerich (1941- Argentina/Switzerland)

Sviatoslav Richter (1915-1997 Russia)

In this Etude left hand plays only long notes doubled in octaves while right hand plays fast arpeggios. Is this etude harmonious, what kind of feelings do you have?

Who do you think plays this etude in a most musical way? Suggestion: close your eyes and listen to all of them again; listen to the melody in the left hand. The most musical will be pianist who plays in the way that you don t pay attention to his/her technique and concentrate on music.

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2. Now watch Giuseppe Andoloro (born 1982 – Italy) playing György Ligeti s (1923-2006 Hungary/Austria) Etude No. 1 called Désordre (=Disorder), written some 150 years later, in 1985. In this Etude right hand plays only on seven white keys and left hand on five black keys. Both hands begin together and then are not clearly coordinated because right hand plays shorter motives and progresses slightly faster than the left hand. So one can perceive that each hand has its own time signature.

Giuseppe Andoloro (born 1982- Itlaly)

Do you agree that Chopin s Etude has homophonic texture and one of Ligeti s – polyphonic texture? Do you believe that Ligeti specially well calculated this disorder with a purpose to create new complex order? Does this disorder increase with the progress of the piece? How you would describe the very end of this Etude? And how musical is this piece? Do you think that this Etude should be rather played by a mechanical piano? Is it a parody on Chopin s etude?

You may find it useful to look up these composers and performers in wikipedia.org or music dictionaries, including New Grove Dictionary of Music Online.

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