This Week S Discussion Which You Will Analyze Two Different Case Studies One Foc

This week’s Discussion which you will analyze two different case studies, one focused on “Free and Appropriate Education (FAPE)” (Fowler, et. al., 2011, pp. 534-535) and the other on the “Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)” (Fowler, et. al., 2011, pp. 550-553). You will also apply the tests from the Rowley, Roncker, and Rachel H cases to determine if applicable laws and procedures are being met for your assigned case study.

To prepare:

·         Apply the Rowley two-part test to determine whether or not the regular school environment is appropriate. What are your results?

·         Based on what you have learned about appropriate placement, which placement is the least restrictive for Samir, in your opinion.

·         If your recommendation contradicts the findings of the two-part test, how would you defend your recommendation?

 Answer the following questions regarding your assigned case study:

Group A

1.    Apply the Rowley two-part test to determine whether or not the regular school environment is appropriate. What are your results?

2.    Based on what you have learned about appropriate placement, which placement is the least restrictive for Samir, in your opinion.

3.    If your recommendation contradicts the findings of the two-part test, how would you defend your recommendation?

Avoid using International Journals to support claims because the results cannot always be generalized to the USA. Also, please cite with quotes and page numbers. Thanks.

Required Readings

Fowler, F. C., Hulett, K. E., & Kieff, J. E. (2011). Leadership, advocacy, policy, and law (Laureate Education, custom ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

  • Chapter 8, “Getting the Words and the Money: Policy Formulation and Policy Adoption” (pp. 197–224)

Focus on the principles and processes school leaders can use to influence policy formulation and adoption.

  • Chapter 17, “The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act” (pp.456–474)

Focus on the six pillars of IDEA, as well as its confidentiality, transition, and behavioral provisions features.

  • Chapter 18, “Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973” (pp. 475–492)

Focus on what protection and services Section 504 provides individuals with disabilities in public schools that is not provided by the IDEA and ADA.

  • Chapter 19, “The Americans with Disabilities Act” (pp.493–501)

Focus on why the ADA is important to K –12 education even though it does not provide or extend any substantive or procedural rights to students in K –12 settings.

  • Chapter 21, “Free and Appropriate Public Education” (pp.522–537)

Focus on the significance of the Rowley Case on FAPE and the field of special education as a whole.

  • Chapter 22, “Least Restrictive Environment” (pp. 555–575)

Focus on the rationale defending the stand that the regular education classroom is not always the least restrictive environment for a special needs student.

Case Law Resources

Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Amy Rowley, 458 U.S. 176 (1982). Retrieved from

Focus on the parameters this case established when considering and determining a “free and appropriate public education (FAPE)”

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1952, 1953, 1954). Retrieved from

Focus on this case’s connection to the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution, as well as the impact of the case on equal access to a free and appropriate public education, due process, equal protection of the laws, and death of “separate but equal” schooling for individuals with disabilities.

Burlington School Committee, et. al. v. Massachusetts Department of Education, 471 U.S. 359. (1985). Retrieved from

Focus on the procedural safeguards established by this case relative to goals and objectives in an individualized education program.

Forest Grove School District v. T.A. (9th Cir. 2008). Retrieved from

Focus on the aspects of a “free and appropriate public education” (FAPE) that led to this ruling on private school tuition reimbursement to a parent who believes a child has not been given a free and appropriate public education by the child’s school district.

Mills v. Board of Education, DC, 348 F. Supp. 866 (D. DC 1972). Retrieved from

Focus on the due process procedures to ensure all students equal protection under the laws that resulted from this class-action suit.

New Mexico Association for Retarded Citizens, et al. v. the State of New Mexico, 678 F.2d 847 (10th Cir. 1982). Retrieved from

Focus on how the ruling of this Section 504 discrimination case led to the implementation of IDEA in New Mexico.”

The Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children et al., v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania et al., No. 71–42. (1972). Retrieved from

Focus on the precedent this case set for all children having a constitutional right to a public education without regard to disability.

Smith v. Robinson, 468 U.S. 992 (1984). Retrieved from

Focus on why the findings of this U.S. Supreme Court case would have been damaging to the procedural safeguards of special education children and families had it not eventually been overturned by congressional legislation.

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.