Persuasive Techniques in Advertising

In a five-paragraph, thesis-driven essay, you are to choose an advertisement from Week Four’s Module and discuss – with specific examples – how ethos, pathos, and logos are used to drive the message of this text.

Please use MLA format. Outside sources are encouraged, but not required for this assignment, as it is a midterm.

Note: Be sure to tell me what this message/main idea/central point/claim/thesis is of this text. For example, I need to see topic sentences like this: “The advertisement uses ethos to establish Clinique’s credibility and authority to women when expressing the claim that women who use their products will look and appear younger. One way that Clinique does this is by using imagery that…” Pretend that you are persuading people to see things your way…

Please note that you will also be using the Aristotelian or Classical Argument Structure in this module for the format of your midterm essay, so please go back and review if you have not already done so…

Here is the advertisement I have chosen for you to help with!!

I have attached some noted to help!!

Rhetorical Appeals in Advertising

Persuasive Techniques in Advertising

The persuasive strategies used by advertisers who want you to buy their product can be divided into three categories: pathos, logos, and ethos, otherwise known as Aristotle’s Rhetorical Appeals.

Pathos: an appeal to emotion.

An advertisement using pathos will attempt to evoke an emotional response in the consumer. Sometimes, it is a positive emotion such as happiness: an image of people enjoying themselves while drinking Pepsi. Other times, advertisers will use negative emotions such as pain: a person having back problems after buying the “wrong” mattress. Pathos can also include emotions such as fear and guilt: images of a starving child persuade you to send money.

Logos: an appeal to logic or reason.

An advertisement using logos will give you the evidence and statistics you need to fully understand what the product does. The logos of an advertisement will be the “straight facts” about the product: One glass of Florida orange juice contains 75% of your daily Vitamin C needs.

Ethos: an appeal to credibility or character.

An advertisement using ethos will try to convince you that the company is more reliable, honest, and credible; therefore, you should buy its product. Ethos often involves statistics from reliable experts, such as nine out of ten dentists agree that Crest is the better than any other brand or Americas dieters choose Lean Cuisine. Often, a celebrity endorses a product to lend it more credibility: Catherine Zeta-Jones makes us want to switch to T-Mobile.

Deceptive Techniques in Advertising

1. Avante Garde

The suggestion that using this product puts the user ahead of the times.

A toy manufacturer encourages kids to be the first on their block to have a new toy.

2. Weasel Words

“Weasel words” are used to suggest a positive meaning without actually really making any guarantee.

A scientist says that a diet product might help you to lose weight the way it helped him to lose weight. A dish soap leaves dishes virtuallyspotless.

3. Magic Ingredients

The suggestion that some almost miraculous discovery makes the product exceptionally effective.

A pharmaceutical manufacturer describes a special coating that makes their pain reliever less irritating to the stomach than a competitor’s.

4. Patriotism

The suggestion that purchasing this product shows your love of your country.

A company brags about its product being made in America.

5. Transfer

Positive words, images, and ideas are used to suggest that the product being sold is also positive.

A textile manufacturer wanting people to wear their product to stay cool during the summer shows people wearing fashions made from their cloth at a sunny seaside setting where there is a cool breeze.

6. Plain Folks

The suggestion that the product is a practical product of good value for ordinary people (people like you and me!).

A cereal manufacturer shows an ordinary family sitting down to breakfast and enjoying their product.

7. Snob Appeal

The suggestion that the use of the product makes the customer part of an elite group with a luxurious and glamorous lifestyle.

A coffee manufacturer shows people dressed in formal gowns and tuxedos drinking their brand at an art gallery.

8. Bribery

Bribery offers you something “extra.” Buy a burger; get free fries.

9. Bandwagon

The suggestion that you should join the crowd or be on the winning side by using a product—you don’t want to be the only person without it!

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