M3a2 lasa 1 development throughout the lifespan

The point is to demonstrate an understanding about how personality development moves through stages, according to Erikson.  When describing Erikson’s theory, in addition to the age range and stages, include the following concepts:   

 

Epigenetic Principle, Syntonic and Dystonic elements, Basic Strengths and Core Pathologiy.

When comparing Freud and Erikson, compare and contrast the 5 stages of Freud’s theory with the 8 stages of Erikson’s theory.  See chart in assignment instructions.

 

After the title page and introduction section, an example of the headings that could be used include the following:
                                  
                                 Observations and Interviews
                              Erikson’s Stages of Development
                                          Freud vs. Erikson
                                         Self-Observations
                                              Conclusion

 

Assignment 2: LASA 1: Development Throughout the Lifespan

Erikson and Freud are two of the few theorists who have developed a lifespan approach to development. Freud’s approach to development was psychosexual while Erikson’s was psychosocial. Even though Freud’s theory is better known, Erikson’s theory remains a leading and very much applied model in personality and developmental psychology today.

When considering these two stage-oriented theories, you can directly compare the majority of their stages. These are matched in the following table:

Approximate Age

Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development

Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial development

Infancy (Birth to 1 year)

Oral stage

Trust versus mistrust

Early childhood (1–3 years)

Anal stage

Autonomy versus doubt 

Preschool (3–6 years)

Phallic stage

Initiative versus guilt

School age (7–11 years)

Latent period

Industry versus inferiority

Adolescence (12–18 years)

Genital stage

Identity versus role confusion

Young adulthood (19–40 years)

 

Intimacy versus isolation

Middle adulthood (40–65 years)

 

Generativity versus stagnation

Older adulthood (65–death)

 

Integrity versus despair

When considering Erikson’s eight stages of development, the way a person moves through each stage directly affects their success in the next stage.

Their personality is being built and shaped with each stage. At each stage, there is a turning point, called a crisis by Erikson, which a person must confront. 

 

  • Summarize what you have learned about psychosocial development through these observations/interviews.
  • Summarize the trends you see in your observations/interviews regarding psychosocial development.
  • How does movement through Erikson’s stages influence personality development? Again, be specific.
  • How do Erikson’s stages of development compare to Freud’s stages? How are they similar? How are they different?
  • Between these two theories, which one do you feel best explains your own personality development? Justify your answers with specific examples.
  •  

Write a 3–4-page paper in Word format. Insert your chart at the end of your paper. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.   

INCLUDE A REFERENCE LIST, USINGI APA STYLE FORMAT

 

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria 

Maximum Points

Chart identifies general characteristics of people being observed
Chart identifies each person’s Erikson’s stage of development 
(Course Objective [CO] 2)

20

Explains which events of this developmental stage influence this outcome
(CO 2)

24

Summarizes learning about psychosocial development, applies observations 
(CO 2)

24

Explains the connection between Erikson’s stages of development and personality development
(CO 2)

28

Compares and contrasts Erikson and Freud’s stages of development
(CO 1)

32

Determines which theory best fits own personality development, applies self-observations
(CO 1, 2)

28

Presentation Components:
Organization (12)
Usage and Mechanics (12)
APA Elements (16)
Style (4)

44

 

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