Juvenile recidivism | Criminal homework help

 

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JUVENILE RECIDIVISM

1 1 JUVENILE RECIDIVISM

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2 Juvenile Recidivism Annotated Bibliography

Ronald S. Dixon Keiser University Dr. Carolyn Dennis MACJ513 October 1, 2017 ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Aalsma, M. 2 C., White, L. M., Lau, K. L., Perkins, A., Monahan, P., & Grisso, T. (2015). 2 Behavioral Health Care Needs, Detention-Based Care, and Criminal Recidivism at Community Reentry from Juvenile Detention: A Multisite Survival Curve Analysis. American Journal of Public Health, 105(7), 1372-1378.3 doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.302529

The authors of the article are researcher-practitioners in contribution to the field of criminology especially in relevance to juvenile delinquency. Matthew Aalsma, Laura White, and Katherine L Lau work with the Division of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, and Indianapolis. 2 Anthony Perkins works with Precision Statistical Consulting, LLC, Indianapolis, IN. Patrick Monahan is with the Division of Biostatistics, Indiana University School of Medicine. Thomas Grisso collaborates with the Division of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, and Worcester.The examination was chiefly routed to fulfill the discoveries of past comparative looks into to the Indiana Criminal Justice Institute and the US Division of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Research Curriculum. The exploration question in the examination looks to address the effect of behavioral wellbeing administrations to adolescents on recidivism. Particularly the exploration inspected the effect of policy on the young people of the province of Indiana. The approach included two key components. Information about behavioral prosperity needs, behavioral well-being treatment got, and recidivism was found inside a year after release for 8363 adolescents (developed 12-18 years; 79.4% male). After the investigation, the examination group watched that discoveries reinforce past research showing that restorative behavioral issues are related to recidivism and that Black teenagers are unnecessarily rearrested after containment.

Barrett, D. 2 E., & Katsiyannis, A. (2015). 2 Juvenile Delinquency Recidivism: Are Black and White Youth Vulnerable to the Same Risk Factors? Behavioral Disorders, 40(3), 184-195.

The article is a research study carried out by using archived data from the state of South Carolina’s juvenile justice agency in contribution to examining the risk level associated with both blacks and white teens in the state of Carolina, in the USA. The research addresses the judicial system of South Carolina as well as future researchers and practitioners in the field of juvenile delinquency. The authors have proficient knowledge in education studies and other specialties. David Barrett is a licensed psychologist and has previously worked in the National Institute of mental health’s laboratory of development phycology. He has extensive knowledge application in the mental, behavioral phycology and education. His ally in the research Antonis Katsiyannis has a specialty in behavior analysis, legal and policy concerns by special education. The method used to obtain data was through secondary sources report. 4 Data for this study were gathered from two sources, the South Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) and the South Carolina Budget and Authority Board’s Office of Research and Statistics (ORS). DJJ data comprised information on approximately 100,000 youth who had been born from 1981 to 1988 and who had been included in the criminal activity. A series of logistic regression analyses to examine the single and consolidated influences of chosen categories of independent variables on juvenile criminal recidivism;that is, the presence of referral to the DJJ for a second offense was used. 5 The findings reported that independent variables correlating to the background, hostile parenting, mental health, school-related disabilities, and features of first offenses added to more than 25% of the variance in recidivism for both Black and White youth. Magnitudes of forecast were alike across racial groups, suggesting similar vulnerability of both Black and White youth to these early adversities.

Calleja, N. G., Dadah, A. M., Fisher, J., & Fernandez, M. (2016). Reducing Juvenile Recidivism Through Specialized Reentry Services: A Second Chance Act Project. 6Journal Of Juvenile Justice, 5(2), 1-11.

The authors are specialists in behavioral advising and specifically associated with youth guiding projects. Dr. Nancy Calleja’s master and research intrigues join clinical program headway and appraisal, with a compliment in youthful value and pre-adult sex blameworthy gathering treatment. Ann M. Dadah, MA, is a clinical caseworker at Lincoln Residential Treatment Center. Ms Dadah’s expert advantages incorporate the clinical treatment of immature wrongdoers. The exploration tends to the adequacy of particular reentry administrations looked at to first reentry policies to the ex-adolescents as they coordinate back in the group. How soon can the ex-adolescents recidivate contingent upon the reentry program they get. The strategy included various accumulation of different sorts of statistic information on the two gatherings, including race and age at admission to private treatment. Members of each group were classified in light of offense type that included nonsexual and sexual offenses. The workplace filled in as the primary secure private treatment program in the zone for male youthful blameworthy gatherings. The general recidivism rate (among every one of the 273 members) was 21%. General recidivism was 24% (n = 38/156) for the control gathering and 16% (n = 18/116) or the exploratory gathering. Moreover, both treatment sorts (particular and treatment as normal reentry organizations) and starting offense sort altogether influenced recidivism.

Calley, N. G. (2012). 7 Juvenile Offender Recidivism: An Examination of Risk Factors.Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 21(3), 257-272. 5 doi:10.1080/10538712.2012.668266.

Nancy G. 8 Calley is an expert in the Bureau of Counseling and Addiction Studies, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan, and clinical chief of Spectrum Human Services, Incorporated and Affiliated Companies, Westland, Michigan. She is a specialist in dependency studies and in this way her examination is adding to evaluate recidivism following private treatment for a social occasion of immature liable gatherings and to take a gander at the piece of various factors in recidivism. She kept an eye on her disclosures in the assertion of the Office of Juvenile Equity and Delinquency Services which was her expected intrigue amass as well. The technique was according to the accompanying. There was an aggregate of 166 individuals connected with this resulting examination. The individuals were immature male miscreants that were managed in a private treatment office in the region of 2005 and 2008. 8 A total of 177 youthful transgressors were placed in the program in the midst of the examination time ranges, and of those, 173 consented to appreciate the study. Of the 173 one of a typical individual, seven were removed from the advancement; six as a result of an inability to secure correct follow-up data and one given death. Distinctive sorts of measurement data were accumulated, which included part race, age at release, and first watchman. 23.4% (n = 39) of the youthful recidivated inside two years post-release with the extent of recidivism changing remarkably between liable gathering sorts. Three percent of the young sex liable gatherings recidivated. 8 However, 19% of the substance-using Cretans recidivated and 32.9% of the general miscreants recidivated.

Christiansen, A. 9 K., & Vincent, J. P. (2013). 10 Characterization and Prediction of Sexual and Nonsexual Recidivism Among Adjudicated Juvenile Sex Offenders. 9Behavioral Sciences & The Law, 31(4), 506-529. doi:10.1002/bsl.2070.

Both authors are experts in forensic phycology, and they have tried to assess and describe hazard factors for adolescents who have been accused of a sexual offense keeping in mind the end goal.This aims decide the prescient utility of these components for consequent culpable, and also crime direction, and to assess chance variables for nonsexual guilty parties who have carried out violations of different severities. They both address the exploration towards the juvenile legal court as their first gathering of people in the examination. The present investigation used a few group setups to develop the most educational perspective of adolescent sex guilty party qualities, offense directions, and hazard factors. Isolate models assessed chance components for general reoffending, nonsexual reoffending, sexual wrongdoers sexually reoffending, sexual guilty parties non-sexually reoffending, general reoffending for sexual criminals whose first offense was sexual, and general reoffending for sexual guilty parties whose first offense was nonsexual, however, who had a resulting sexual offense. The outcomes demonstrate a 76 percent probability that a self-assertively picked pre-adult sex blameworthy gathering who will sexually reoffend will have a higher score than a randomly picked juvenile sex miscreant who won’t sexually re-offend. The consequences of the present investigation were predictable with past research proposing that adolescent sex wrongdoers sexually re-offend at low rates, as the re-offense rate for this example was 4.20 percent, with .60 percent sexually reoffending more than once. Likewise, steady with past research, adolescent sex guilty parties in this specimen reoffended non-sexually at considerably higher rates, with nonsexual re-offense rates of 40.96 percent, which is like the nonsexual reoffending rate for utterly nonsexual guilty parties of 50.23 percent.

Hancock, K. (2017). Facility Operations and Juvenile Recidivism. 6 Journal of Juvenile Justice, 6(1), 1-14.

Katy Hancock is an associate at the Criminal Justice Program, a professor at Department of Community Leadership and Human Services, College of Education and Human Services, Murray State University. He has profound expertise in Juvenile education as well as community service. The researchers looked for both to inspect the connection between adolescent office operations and recidivism and to build up the significance of how these agencies work. Information was investigated from thorough state assessments of juvenile private agencies directed in Florida from 2003 to 2006. These data were researched using multilevel backslide showing, to speak to the settled thought of the data. The examinations demonstrate that program organization, therapeutic administrations organizations, office security, and intercession organization have an important inverse relationship with recidivism. These results both show the centrality of the operations of institutional workplaces for young people and underscore prerequisite for quality human administrations organizations for managed masses. The methodologies and frameworks of these workplaces, when executed fittingly, can upgrade the lives of teenagers and brace open prosperity. Four operational variables were seen to be tremendous markers of recidivism: program organization, social protection organizations, security, and intervention organization. In the full model, restorative administrations organizations and security were so far essential pointers of recidivism. These disclosures portray an association between office operations and results, in this way showing the fundamental centrality of considering and upgrading office operations. Social protection organizations have a regressive relationship with recidivism, despite while speaking to the provider association variable and the other operational components.

Kalist, D. E., Lee, D. Y., & Spurr, S. J. (2015). 8 Predicting Recidivism of Juvenile Offenders. 15(1), 329-351. doi:10.1515/bejeap-2013-0188

Both authors are experts in economics, and they use statistical expertise to predict on recidivism in the United States. This study uses a large data set to analyze and predict recidivism of juvenile offenders in Pennsylvania. We employ a split-population duration model to determine the effect of covariates on (1) the probability of failure, defined as a second referral to juvenile court, and (2) the time to failure, given that it occurs. A test of the predictive power of our estimates finds a false positive rate of 18.5% and a false negative rate of 20.7%, which compares favorably to the performance of other models in the literature. Effects of variables on the probability that a second referral will occur, their effects on the time to the second referral, conditional on the occurrence of that event. Some variables are significant in determining both the event of a second reference and the duration of time from first to second referral; some are important in neither respect, and some are important in one respect but not the other. These results are quite robust across the two specifications.

1 Lockwood, B., & Harris, P. W. (2015). Kicked Out or Dropped Out? Disaggregating the Effects of Community-based Treatment Attrition on Juvenile Recidivism. JQ: Justice Quarterly, 32(4), 705-728. 7 doi:10.1080/07418825.2013.797485

Both authors are professors in the departments of criminal justice in different universities, attempting to investigate the idea of the connection between guilty party treatment steady loss and recidivism. The target is a populace of adolescent offenders going to group-based treatment programs in an extensive urban setting. The study breaks down an example of 5,517 male adolescent wrongdoers settled inside Philadelphia in the vicinity of 1996 and 2002 to decide the impacts of treatment weakening, either because of dropping out or ejection, on juvenile recidivism, recognized as far as property, rough, or drug offenses. Results indicate that voluntarily dropping out of treatment significantly increases the likelihood of recidivism through drug and property offending, while expulsion from treatment significantly enhances the probability of a violent recidivism offense, suggesting that the causes of treatment attrition and reoffending may be related.

11 Mulder, E., Vermunt, J., Brand, E., Bullens, R., & Marle, H. (2012). 10 Recidivism in subgroups of serious juvenile offenders: Different profiles, different risks? 12 Criminal Behavior & Mental Health, 22(2), 122-135. 7 doi:10.1002/cbm.1819

Research has exhibited that the treatment of juvenile Cretans is most convincing when it considers the possible peril factors for re-annoying. It may be asked whether pre-adult liable gatherings can be managed as one homogeneous get-together, or, on the other hand, in case they are divisible into subgroups, paying little heed to whether unmistakable peril factors are judicious of recidivism. 13 The points were to check whether honest to goodness juvenile blameworthy gatherings may be subdivided into clearly described subgroups and whether such subgroups may differ concerning the danger factors that envision recidivism. In an example of 1111 honest to goodness young miscreants, a torpid class examination was used to recognize subgroups. For each juvenile reprobate, 70 chance segments were enrolled. 13 The earnestness of recidivism was measured on a 12-point scale. The research was then led to recognize the hazard factors that best anticipated the various examples of recidivism. Contrasts in recidivism rates happened despite the way that the majority of these youths had been in the standard treatment program offered to genuine adolescent guilty parties in the Netherlands.

Ryan, J. 11 P., Williams, A. 12 B., & Courtney, M. E. (2013). 7 Adolescent neglect, juvenile delinquency and the risk of recidivism. 12 Journal of Youth And Adolescence, 42(3), 454-465. 7 doi:10.1007/s10964-013-9906-8

The authors are experts in child welfare, Social Work and Developmental Psychology and Social Service administration while serving as professors in different universities. The study looked for to decide if disregard is related with recidivism for direct and high hazard adolescent guilty parties in Washington State. Statewide hazard evaluations and managerial records for kid welfare, adolescent equity, and grown-up redresses were broke down. The specimen was various (24 % female, 13 % African American, 8 % Hispanic, 5 % Native American) and incorporated all direct and high hazard adolescent wrongdoers screened by adolescent probation in the vicinity of 2004 and 2007 (n = 19,833). Official records from tyke security were utilized to recognize adolescent guilty parties with a background marked by kid disregard and to distinguish adolescent wrongdoers with a progressing instance of disregard. Young people with an advancing case disregard were, by and large, more slanted to keep punishable as stood out and youth from no official history of disregard.

Sullivan, C. J., Blair, L., Latessa, E., & Sullivan, C. C. (2016). 10 “Juvenile Drug Courts and Recidivism: Results from a Multisite Outcome Study” JQ: Justice Quarterly, 33(2), 291-318. 7 doi:10.1080/07418825.2014.908937

Christopher J. Sullivan is an associate lecturer in the School of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati. His study interests incorporate formative criminology; adolescent misconduct and counteractive action approach; and research philosophy and systematic strategies. This investigation reports discoveries from a survey of nine juvenile medication courts (JDCs) from over the US. A semi exploratory outline, with balanced coordinating on conceivable confounders and socio-demographics, was utilized for the result evaluation (n = 1372). Standard and outcome information was drawn from equity framework records. Despite the fact that there is variety crosswise over destinations and, to some degree, results, these JDCs were for the most part inadequate in decreasing recidivism. Comparative discoveries have developed in other late investigations of JDCs.

Thompson, K. 7 C., & Morris, R. J. (2013). 7 Predicting Recidivism Among Juvenile Delinquents: Comparison of Risk Factors for Male and Female Offenders. Journal of Juvenile Justice, 3(1), 36-47.

The authors are phycology professors in different universities whose interests lie in looking at risk factors that anticipate recidivism among delinquents has delivered adverse outcomes, due, to some extent, to the different procedures and tests applied as a part of studies. The examination looked to decide if contrasts existed amongst male and female wrongdoers concerning hazard factors for recidivism, and to distinguish those that were prescient of recidivism in male versus female delinquents. The scholarly accomplishment was not perceptive of recidivism among females in this examination, and in spite of the outcomes of different investigations.

Williams, L. 7 R., LeCroy, C. W., & Vivian, J. P. (2014). 7 Assessing Risk of Recidivism among Juvenile Offenders: The Development and Validation of the Recidivism Risk Instrument. Journal Of Evidence-Based Social Work, 11(4), 318-327. 14doi:10.1080/10911359.2014.897100

A recidivism risk instrument was produced and approved on a specimen of adolescent guilty parties (N D 1,987) given the need to arrange adolescents by their probability of re-offense. Female recidivism (R2 D 27%) was anticipated by more youthful age at first removal from school, history of a parent incarceration, posse contribution, lawful offense class offense, and gun utilize. Male recidivism (R2 D 12%) was anticipated by more youthful age at first settling, referrals, school suspensions, history of maternal detainment, gun utilize, fleeing, pack inclusion, and obliterating property/taking. Cross approval investigations showed that high-chance guilty parties recidivated at more than five times the rate of low-risk offenders.

Williams, R. 2 G., & Smalls, E. W. (2015). 2 Exploring a Relationship between Parental Supervision and Recidivism among Juvenile Offenders at a Juvenile Detention Facility. 15 International Social Science Review, 90(2), 1-22.

This article introduces the discoveries of an exploration contemplate directed to investigate the connection between various levels of parental contribution and recidivism among adolescent guilty parties at a detainment office. Repeating this research in different areas of the nation may give extra information to persuade administrators and criminal equity experts that there are more prominent esteem and long-haul benefits in the advancement of group-based choices, and family-based intercession programs. The long haul positive ramifications for diminished adolescent recidivism is the expansion in great beneficial subjects, more grounded family structures, and groups that will start to flourish versus persistent decay of the financial structures.

Young, D. 7 W., Farrell, J. L., & Taxman, F. S. (2013). 7 Impacts of Juvenile Probation Training Models on Youth Recidivism. JQ: 7 Justice Quarterly, 30(6), 1068-1089. doi:10.1080/07418825.2012.673633

The authors have extensive knowledge in government policy structure as well as juvenile justice. Probation and parole caseworkers in 12 field workplaces of a state adolescent equity office partook in a controlled examination went for propelling learning on executing proof based practices in adolescent appraisal, treatment arranging, and situation. Utilizing stratification and irregular task, caseworkers in four of the workplaces were relegated to a control/no preparing condition and caseworkers in the other eight workplaces partook in a beginning preparing and two follow-up sessions on investigate based supervision hones. In four of these workplaces, preparing was upgraded by the incorporation of companion mentors who gave interior help to rehearse execution. Predictable with other progressing research that shows enhanced authoritative working in the improved preparing destinations, strategic and Cox relapse comes about on 1,518 youth in two follow-up associates followed more than a year demonstrate those managed in the improved locales demonstrate an example of decreased recidivism contrasted with those in the standard and control de

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