1. Addison’s lines divide the abdomen into nine regions.

Those regions are the right and left

right and left , right and left

, and the central regions

, ,

and .

2. The abdominopelvic cavity is also frequently

divided into four quadrants. Those quadrants

are the , ,

, and .

3. The largest body cavity is called the

, which encompasses the abdomen

and pelvis.

4. The thin sheet of tissues that divides the abdominal

cavity into the peritoneal and retroperitoneal

compartments is called the


5. The lesser sac lies immediately posterior to the


6. The greater omentum divides the greater sac into two

compartments: the ,

which means above the colon, and the

, which means below the colon.

7. The right and left

are potential spaces along the lateral borders of the

peritoneal cavity that allow fl uids to travel between

the supracolic and infracolic compartments.

8. When a patient is supine, the most gravity-

dependent portion of the abdominal cavity is the

. This potential

space should always be checked for free fl uid during

the sonographic examination.

9. When a female patient is in the supine position,

the is the most

gravity-dependent portion of the pelvic cavity.

10. When a male patient is in the supine position, the

is the most

gravity-dependent portion of the pelvic cavity.

11. ascites typically has a simple

appearance because it is characterized by a lack of

protein and cellular material.

12. ascites has a more complex and

echogenic appearance because fl uid seeps out from

blood vessels and contains a large amount of protein

and cellular material.

13. The presence of within an abscess

may cause a “dirty” posterior shadow.

14. Free blood within the peritoneal cavity is called

; once the blood organizes into a

focal area or clot, the collection is called

a .

15. results when a

benign appendiceal or ovarian adenoma ruptures,

spilling epithelial cells into the peritoneum, causing

to accumulate within the peritoneal


16. Seromas typically occur in the

postsurgical period, whereas

are typically slower to develop and may present

4 to 8 weeks after surgery, helping to establish a

more defi nitive diagnosis between the two similar-

appearing fl uid collections.

17. Mesenteric cysts may occur anywhere along the

mesentery but are most commonly found originating

from the


18. The term describes the enlargement

of lymph nodes that can result from

diseases such as colitis or malignancies such as

lymphoma or colon cancer.

Kawamura_WB_CH03.indd 21 12/1/11 3:56 PM


19. Peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare malignant tumor

of the peritoneum that is associated with exposure to


20. A paracentesis may be done for

purposes to remove a small amount of fl uid for

laboratory testing or for purposes

to relieve pain and pressure that the patient may be

experiencing due to a large volume of ascites.


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