Discuss the causes of global warming.

Global warming is also referred to as the climate change. It translates to an observed century-scale rise of earth climate and its connected effects. Much of the observed change dates back to 1950s and also extends to mid-19th century. The causes of this predicament occur when carbon dioxide and other air pollutants gather in the atmosphere and absorb sunlight and solar radiation. Normally this radiation would outflow to the space. However, this pollutants trap the heat and causing the planet to have increased temperatures. This is also known as the greenhouse effect. Global warming has numerous effects that include melting glaciers and early snowmelt. This causes severe and more water shortages as well as the risk of wildfires. Besides, it causes water levels to rise in the seas. This has been witnessed in Florida and other areas. Again, flooding due to snowmelt can cause heavy floods that have a profound effect on agriculture. Additionally, it destroys habitat such as coral reefs that could bring to extinction of some plants and animals. Finally, it results in more outbreaks of diseases that are infectious due to the exclusive growth of pollen-producing ragweed (De Wrachien, 2017).

Therefore, it is evident that global warming is a current emerging and pressing issue in the current world. This is the major problem that is presented in the essay. As a result, this paper aims at providing insights on the numerous remedies that can be incorporated to curb global warming. The remedies can be divided into two. This includes personal lifestyle remedies that can be made to reduce carbon impact emission.Also, the interventions that can be integrated by the authority in combination with personal to help reduce carbon impact. The viable alternatives include plants derived plastics, biodiesel, wind power and others that do not emit carbon. The authorities should consider divesting from oil stocks and rather invest in companies’ carbon capture and storage (De Wrachien, 2017).

Remedies of global warming

The first and major remedy to global warming is foregoing fossil fuels. This includes eradicating the burning of coal, oil and natural gas. However, this is one of the biggest challenges as almost all citizens of rich countries eat, wear, work, play and even slumber products made from fossilized sunshine. In addition, denizens from developing countries want to enjoy the same comfort which largely depends on the fossil fuels. Better still, oil is the lard of the global economy hidden inside universal items such as plastic and corn and fundamental to the transport of consumer and products. On the other hand, coal is the substrate, supplying half of the American citizens with electricity and almost half of the world. Subsequently, there are no perfect solutions for reducing the dependency on fuels (De Wrachien, 2017).

An archetypical example is alternative carbon-neutral biofuels can lead to high prices of food and forest destruction. Again, another alternative nuclear energy does not emit carbon but produce radioactive waste. Nonetheless, in this context, the alternatives provided can be used as remedies as we analyze the remedies (De Wrachien, 2017).

Another remedy for this problem is the stopping and controlling deforestation.This translates to stop cutting down the trees. According to De Wrachien (2017), every year 33 million acres of forests are cut down by the human. Timber harvesting alone contributes to 1.5billion metrics tons of carbon released into the air. This equates to 20 percent of human-made greenhouse emission. This could be avoided easily. This is by improved agricultural practices, paper recycling, and forest management. At the same time, this will balance the wood taken out and amount of trees growing (De Wrachien, 2017).

This would obviously eradicate the substantial chunk emission. A lifestyle measure in this remedy includes when purchasing wood products like furniture one can buy used goods or wood certified to have been sustainably reaped. It’s worth noting that forests are lungs of the earth and best short-term hope for limiting global warming (De Wrachien, 2017).

Another remedy is eating smart or focusing vegetarian. Corn grown in the U.S needs barrels of oil for fertilizer and diesel fuel to harvest and transport it. Some green grocery produce requires less fertilizer, but it is repeatedly shipped from halfway across the globe.Again, meat needs pounds of feed to produce a pound of protein. Choosing food items that are in balance with nutrition, taste and ecological results is not easy. Foodstuff has the nutritional information but not how far head of lettuce has cruised. University of Chicago researchers has asserted that meat-eating US citizen produces 1.5 tons more greenhouse through food choice compared to vegetarians. In addition, it takes less land to grow crops necessary from human consumption compared to rearing livestock. This allows more land for planting trees (De Wrachien, 2017).

According to UN, there are 6.6 billion people living today. The number is projected to grow to at least 9billion by mid-century. The environmental program estimates that it requires 54 acres to sustain every human being living today, food, clothing and other factors extracted from the planet. Therefore, continuing such population deem unmaintainable. It remains certain that per capita energy consumption must go down if climate change is to be controlled. Therefore, a regulated birth should be integrated to control the number energy consumption.It is apparent that more humans more greenhouse gas emission (De Wrachien, 2017).

Driving fuel-efficient vehicles is another remedy for climate change. Gas-smart cars like the hybrids and electric vehicles save fuel money and the environment. Once all cars and light trucks meet 2025’s clean car standard which is an average of 54.4 miles per gallon, they will be depicted as a mainstay. Relative to a national fleet of vehicles that averaged only 28.3 miles per gallon in 2011.The U.S citizens will use $80 billion less at the gas station every year.This will aid in cutting their automotive emission by half. It’s worth noting that vehicles emit carbon monoxide that is notoriously known for eating away the ozone layer. This allows the ultraviolet rays of the sun to reach the earth melting ices and increasing temperatures which is referred to as the global warming (De Wrachien, 2017).

Finally, reducing water waste reduces carbon pollution too. This is because it takes to pump, heat to treat water. It can be saved by taking shorter showers, turning off taps, while brushing teeth. The EPA estimates that if one of the households in a hundred of the U.S citizens were retrofitted with water-efficient fixtures, about 100 million kill watts –hours of electricity per years would be salvaged. This equates to 80,000 tons of global warming pollution (De Wrachien, 2017).

Conclusion

It translates to an observed century-scale rise of earth climate and its connected effects. Global warming has numerous effects that include melting glaciers and early snowmelt. This causes severe and more water shortages as well as the risk of wildfires. Besides, it causes water levels to rise in the seas. The remedies include driving fuel-efficient vehicles, reducing water waste, managing populations, another remedy is eating smart or focusing on vegetarian and controlling deforestation.

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