Assignment: interoperable communications among agencies


Emergency first responders, such as police officers, firefighters, and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel, must be able to communicate with each other to provide effective disaster response. However, a lack of interoperable communications systems and technologies has plagued emergency first responders for generations. There is no standard definition of interoperable communications, but public safety officials generally recognize interoperable communications as the ability to talk with whom they want, when they want, and when authorized, but not the ability to talk with everyone all of the time. During the responses to the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, the attacks on the World Trade Center towers in New York on September 11, 2001, and numerous other incidents, police officers were unable to communicate directly with other first responders from their own or other jurisdictions. Unfortunately, there is no quick or easy solution to this problem. The federal government has tried, with limited success, to help state and local governments enhance communications systems and technology. In addition, there are significant political, financial, technological, bureaucratic, legal, practical, and operational challenges to achieving interoperable communications. It is, therefore, important to be aware of these challenges and how to address them to achieve interoperable communications among government agencies.

To prepare for this assignment:

  • Review Chapter 9 of the online article “A Governor’s Guide to Homeland Security.” Focus on the definition of interoperability. Also, consider challenges related to interoperable communications and recommendations for improving interoperability in public safety communications.
  • Review the assigned pages of the online article, “First Responders: Much Work Remains to Improve Communications Interoperability.” Think about evaluations, conclusions, and recommendations regarding policy, planning, technology, funding, standards, and programs for improving interoperable communications for first responder agencies.
  • Review the article, “Collaboration Over Adaptation: The Case for Interoperable Communications in Homeland Security.” Reflect on the argument for collaboration versus adaptation of homeland security interoperable communications.
  • Review the course media, “Information Sharing and Communication” featuring Dr. Phillip Schertzing, focusing on interoperable communications among homeland security agencies within the United States and internationally.
  • Identify at least two challenges related to achieving interoperable communications among government agencies.
  • Think about why each is a challenge and what you would do to address the challenges.
  • Consider at least two implications of the lack of interoperable communications on homeland security efforts.

The assignment: (1–2 pages)

  • Describe at least two challenges related to achieving interoperable communications among government agencies. Be sure to explain why each is a challenge and what you would do to address these challenges.
  • Explain two implications of the lack of interoperable communications on homeland security efforts. Be specific, and use examples to illustrate your explanation.

Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list only for those resources not included in the Learning Resources for this course.


Required Readings

Bullock, J. A. , Haddow, G. D.  & Coppola, D. P. (2013). Introduction to homeland security (5th ed.). Waltham, MA: Elsevier Inc.

· Chapter 11, “Communications”

Seifert, J. W., & Relyea, H. C. (2004). Do you know where your information is in the homeland security era? Government Information Quarterly, 21(4), 399–405.

Jenkins, W. O. (2006). Collaboration over adaptation: The case for interoperable communications in homeland security. Public Administration Review, 66(3), 319–321. 

  United States Government Accountability Office. (2007). First responders: Much work remains to improve communications interoperability. Retrieved from
Note: You are only required to read pages 1–1 1 of this article.

NGA Center for Best Practices. (2007). A governor’s guide to homeland security. Retrieved from 3, “Developing a Public Communications and Media Strategy”

· Chapter 8, “Intelligence and Information Sharing”

· Chapter 9, “Interoperability”

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.