Answers to Study Questions
1. What are the five segments that make up a data framework?
a. equipment, programming, information, individuals, process
2. What are three cases of data framework equipment?
a. There are various conceivable answers: a PC, a printer, a mouse, tablets, cell phones, and so forth.
3. Microsoft Windows is a case of which part of data frameworks?
a. It is a working framework, which is a piece of the product part.
4. What is application programming?
a. Programming that accomplishes something helpful.
5. What parts do individuals play in data frameworks?
a. The content incorporates illustrations, for example, helpdesk bolster, frameworks expert, software engineer, and CIO.
6. What is the meaning of a procedure?
a. A procedure is a progression of steps embraced to accomplish a coveted result or objective.
7. What was designed first, the PC or the Internet (ARPANET)?
a. The Internet was actuated in 1969; the PC was presented in 1975.
8. In what year were confinements on business utilization of the Internet initially lifted? At the point when were eBay and Amazon established?
a. Confinements were lifted in 1991, Amazon was established in 1994, and eBay was established in 1995.
9. What is saying we are in a “post-PC world”?
a. The PC will never again be the essential way that individuals cooperate and work together.
10. What is Carr’s primary contention about data innovation?
a. That data innovation is only a ware and can’t be utilized to pick up an upper hand.
1. Compose your own particular portrayal of what the term data frameworks equipment implies.
a. Answers will differ, yet should say something in regards to data frameworks equipment comprising of the physical parts of figuring gadgets that can really be contacted.
2. What is the effect of Moore’s Law on the different equipment parts depicted in this section?
a. The understudy should pick one of the segments and talk about the effect of the way that figuring duplicates in speed at regular intervals. Most gadgets are getting littler, speedier, less expensive, and this ought to be demonstrated in the appropriate response.
3. Compose an outline of one of the things connected to in the “Incorporated Computing” area.
a. The understudy ought to compose an outline of one of the connected articles.
4. Clarify why the PC is currently viewed as a ware.
a. The PC has turned into a ware as in there is next to no separation amongst PCs, and the essential factor that controls their deal is their cost.
5. The CPU can likewise be thought of as the _____________ of the PC.
6. Rundown the accompanying in expanding request (slowest to quickest): megahertz, kilohertz, gigahertz.
a. kilohertz, megahertz, gigahertz
7. What is the transport of a PC?
a. The transport is the electrical association between various PC parts.
8. Name two contrasts amongst RAM and a hard circle.
a. Slam is unstable; the hard circle is non-unpredictable. Information access in RAM is speedier than on the hard circle.
9. What are the upsides of strong state rolls over hard circles?
a. The fundamental favorable position is speed: a SSD has considerably speedier information get to speeds than a conventional hard plate.
10. How substantial was the main economically fruitful versatile PC?
a. The Compaq PC was 28 pounds.
1. Concoct your own meaning of programming. Clarify the key terms in your definition.
a. An assortment of answers are conceivable, yet ought to be like the definition in the content: Software is the arrangement of guidelines that instruct the equipment. Programming is made through the way toward programming.
2. What are the elements of the working framework?
a. The working framework deals with the equipment assets of the PC, gives the UI parts, and gives a stage to programming engineers to compose applications.
3. Which of the accompanying are working frameworks and which are applications: Microsoft Excel, Google Chrome, iTunes, Windows, Android, Angry Birds.
a. Microsoft Excel (application), Google Chrome (application), iTunes (application), WIndows (working framework), Android (working framework), Angry Birds (application)
4. What is your most loved programming application? What errands does it enable you to achieve?
a. Understudies will have different responses to this inquiry. They should pick an application, not a working framework. They ought to have the capacity to list no less than one thing that it encourages them achieve.
5. What is an “executioner” application? What was the executioner application for the PC?
a. An exceptional application will be application programming that is useful to the point that individuals will buy the equipment to make sure they can run it. The executioner application for the PC was the spreadsheet (Visicalc).
6. How might you sort the product that keeps running on cell phones? Separate these applications into no less than three fundamental classes and give a case of each.
a. There are different approaches to answer this inquiry. Understudies ought to distinguish that there are versatile working frameworks and portable applications. Doubtlessly, understudies will separate portable applications into numerous classes: recreations, GPS, perusing, correspondence, and so on.
7. Clarify what an ERP framework does.
a. An ERP (undertaking asset arranging) framework is a product application with a concentrated database that is executed over the whole association.
8. What is open-source programming? How can it vary from shut source programming? Give a case of each.
a. Open-source programming is programming that influences the source to code accessible for anybody to duplicate and utilize. It is allowed to download, duplicate, and appropriate. Shut source programming does not influence the source to code accessible and for the most part isn’t allowed to download, duplicate, and circulate. There are numerous cases of both, for example, Firefox (open source), Linux (open source), iTunes (shut source), Microsoft Office (shut source).
9. What does a product permit concede?
a. Programming licenses are not all the same, but rather by and large they allow the client the privilege to utilize the product on a restricted premise. The terms of the permit direct clients’ rights in detail.
10. How did the Y2K (year 2000) issue influence the offers of ERP frameworks?
a. Associations obtained ERP programming to supplant their more seasoned frameworks keeping in mind the end goal to dodge any issues with the year 2000 in their product.
1. What is the distinction between information, data, and learning?
a. Information are the crude odds and ends of realities and insights with no specific circumstance. Information can be quantitative or subjective. Data will be information that has been given setting. Learning is data that has been totaled and dissected and can be utilized for deciding.
2. Clarify in your own words how the information part identifies with the equipment and programming segments of data frameworks.
a. There are various responses to this inquiry, yet all ought to be minor departure from the accompanying: Data is prepared by the equipment through programming. A database is programming that keeps running on the equipment. Tool shops the information, programming forms the information.
3. What is the distinction between quantitative information and subjective information? In what circumstances could the number 42 be viewed as subjective information?
a. Quantitative information is numeric, the aftereffect of an estimation, check, or some other scientific count. Subjective information is elucidating. The number 42 could be subjective on the off chance that it is an assignment rather than an estimation, tally, or count. For instance: that player’s pullover has number 42 on it.
4. What are the attributes of a social database?
a. A social database is one in which information is composed into at least one tables. Each table has an arrangement of fields, which characterize the idea of the information put away in the table. A record is one occurrence of an arrangement of fields in a table. Every one of the tables are connected by at least one fields in like manner.
5. At the point when might utilizing an individual DBMS bode well?
a. When dealing with a littler database for individual utilize, or when separated from the system.
6. What is the distinction between a spreadsheet and a database? Rundown three contrasts between them.
a. A database is for the most part more ground-breaking and complex than a spreadsheet, with the capacity to deal with various kinds of information and connection them together. A few contrasts: A database has characterized field composes, a spreadsheet does not. A database utilizes an institutionalized question dialect, (for example, SQL), a spreadsheet does not. A database can hold considerably bigger measures of information than a spreadsheet.
7. Depict what the term standardization implies.
a. To standardize a database intends to outline it in a way that: 1) diminishes duplication of information amongst tables and 2) gives the table however much adaptability as could reasonably be expected.
8. For what reason is it essential to characterize the information kind of a field when planning a social database?
a. An information compose tells the database what capacities can be performed with the information. The second imperative motivation to characterize the information compose is with the goal that the correct measure of storage room is allotted for the information.
9. Name a database you connect with much of the time. What might a portion of the field names be?
a. The understudy can pick any kind of framework that they connect with, for example, Amazon or their school’s online frameworks. The fields would be the names of information being gathered, for example, “first name”, or “address”.
10. What is metadata?
a. Metadata is information about information. It alludes to the information used to portray other information, for example, the length of a tune in iTunes, which depicts the music record.
11. Name three points of interest of utilizing an information distribution center.
a. The content records the accompanying (the understudy should pick no less than three of these):
I. The way toward building up an information distribution center powers an association to all the more likely comprehend the information that it is at present gathering and, similarly vital, what information isn’t being gathered.
ii. An information stockroom gives an incorporated view.
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