Acct 434 final exam – advanced cost management

1. (TCO 1) Evaluating customer reaction of the trade-off of giving up some features of a product for a lower price would best fit which category of management decisions under activity-based management? (Points: 5)

       Pricing and product-mix decisions. 

       Cost reduction decisions. 

       Design decisions. 

       Discretionary decisions. 

2. (TCO 1) Danielle Company produces a special spray nozzle. The budgeted indirect total cost of inserting the spray nozzle is $180,000. The budgeted number of nozzles to be inserted is 60,000. What is the budgeted indirect cost allocation rate for this activity? (Points: 5)

       $3.00 

       $2.50 

       $2.00 

       $3.50 

3. (TCO 2) Fixed overhead costs include: (Points: 5)

       the cost of sales commissions 

       property taxes paid on plant facilities 

       indirect materials 

       energy costs 

4. (TCO 2) Information pertaining to Brenton Corporation’s sales revenue is presented in the following table:

                                         February              March               April

           Cash Sales             $160,000             $150,000           $120,000

           Credit Sales             300,000               400,000             280,000

               Total Sales         $460,000             $550,000            $400,000

Management estimates that 5% of credit sales are not collectible.  Of the credit sales that are collectible, 60% are collected in the month of sale and the remainder in the month following the sale.  Cost of purchases of inventory each month are 70% of the next month’s projected total sales.  All purchases of inventory are on account; 25% are paid in the month of purchase, and the remainder is paid in the month following the purchase.

Brenton’s budgeted total cash receipts in April are

(Points: 5)

       $448,000 

       $437,000. 

       $431,600. 

       $328,000. 

5. (TCO 2) Financing decisions PRIMARILY deal with: (Points: 5)

       the use of scarce resources 

       how to obtain funds to acquire resources 

       acquiring equipment and buildings 

       preparing financial statements for stockholders 

6. (TCO 3) The cost components of an air conditioner include $35 for the compressor, $11.50 for the sheet molded compound frame, and $80 per unit for assembly. The factory machines and tools cost is $55,000. The company expects to produce 1,500 air conditioners in the coming year. What cost function best represents these costs? (Points: 5)

       y = 1500 + 126.5X 

       y = 1,500 +55,000X 

       y = 55,000 + 1,500X 

       y = 55,000 +126.50X 

7. (TCO 3) Which cost estimation method may use time-and-motion studies to analyze the relationship between inputs and outputs in physical terms? (Points: 5)

       the quantitative analysis method 

       the account analysis method 

       the conference method 

       the industrial engineering method 

8. (TCO 4) Sunk costs: (Points: 5)

       have future implications 

       are ignored when evaluating alternatives 

       are differential 

       are relevant 

9. (TCO 5) Throughput contribution equals revenues minus: (Points: 5)

       operating costs 

       direct material costs of goods sold 

       direct material costs and minus operating costs 

       direct material and direct labor costs 

10. (TCO 5) Keeping the bottleneck operation busy and subordinating all nonbottleneck operations to the bottleneck operation involves: (Points: 5)

       keeping the bottleneck resource busy at least 90% of the time 

       maximizing the contribution margin of the nonbottleneck operation 

       having the workers at the nonbottleneck operation or machine improving their productivity 

       None of these answers is correct 

11. (TCO 6) What type of cost is the result of an event that results in more than one product or service simultaneously (Points: 5)

       Byproduct cost 

       Joint cost 

       Main costs 

       Separable cost 

12. (TCO 6) Which of the following is a disadvantage of the physical-measure method of allocating joint costs? (Points: 5)

       The measurement basis for each product may be different. 

       The need for a common denominator. 

       The physical measure may not reflect the product’s ability to generate revenues. 

       All of the above are disadvantages. 

13. (TCO 7) Life-cycle costing is the name given to: (Points: 5)

       a method of cost planning to reduce manufacturing costs to targeted levels 

       the process of examining each component of a product to determine whether its cost can be reduced 

       the process of managing all costs along the value chain 

       a system that focuses on reducing costs during the manufacturing cycle 

14. (TCO 7) Each month, Haddon Company has $275,000 total manufacturing costs (20% fixed) and $125,000 distribution and marketing costs (36% fixed).  Haddon’s monthly sales are $500,000.

The markup percentage on full cost to arrive at the target (exisitng) selling price is

(Points: 5)

       25% 

       75% 

       80% 

       20% 

15. (TCO 8) Transfer prices should be judged by whether they promote: (Points: 5)

       goal congruence. 

       the balanced scorecard method. 

       a high level of subunit autonomy in decision making. 

       Both 1 and 2 are correct.

 

16. (TCO 8) Division A sells soybean paste internally to Division B, which in turn, produces soybean burgers that sell for $5 per pound. Division A incurs costs of $0.75 per pound while Division B incurs additional costs of $2.50 per pound. Which of the following formulas correctly reflects the company’s operating income per pound? (Points: 5)

       $5.00 – ($1.25 + $2.50) = $1.25 

       $5.00 – ($0.75 + $2.50) = $1.75 

       $5.00 – ($0.75 + $3.75) = $0.50 

       $5.00 – ($0.25 + $1.25 + $3.50) = 0 

17. (TCO 8) When companies do not want to use market prices or find it too costly, they typically use ________ prices, even though suboptimal decisions may occur. (Points: 5)

       short-run average cost 

       long-run cost 

       average-cost 

       full-cost 

18. (TCO 9) To guide cost allocation decisions, the benefits-received criterion: (Points: 5)

       may use an allocation base of division revenues to allocate advertising costs 

       is the primarily used criterion in activity-based costing 

       results in subsidizing products that are not profitable 

       generally uses the cost driver as the cost allocation base 

19. (TCO 9) The Hassan Corporation has an Electric Mixer Division and an Electric Lamp Division. Of a $20,000,000 bond issuance, the Electric Mixer Division used $14,000,000 and the Electric Lamp Division used $6,000,000 for expansion. Interest costs on the bond totaled $1,500,000 for the year. What amount of interest costs should be allocated to the Electric Mixer Division? (Points: 5)

       $4,200,000 

       $14,000,000 

       $1,050,000 

       $450,000 

20. (TCO 10) The net present value method focuses on: (Points: 5)

       cash inflows 

       accrual-accounting net income 

       cash outflows 

       Both 1 and 3 are correct 

21. (TCO 10) The Zeron Corporation wants to purchase a new machine for its factory operations at a cost of $950,000. The investment is expected to generate $350,000 in annual cash flows for a period of four years. The required rate of return is 14%. The old machine can be sold for $50,000. The machine is expected to have zero value at the end of the four-year period. What is the net present value of the investment? Would the company want to purchase the new machine? Income taxes are not considered. (Points: 5)

       $119,550; yes 

       $326,750; no 

       $1,019,550; yes 

       $69,550; no 

22. (TCO 11) The four cost categories in a cost of quality program are (Points: 5)

       product design, process design, internal success, and external success 

       prevention, appraisal, internal failure, and external failure. 

       design, conformance, control and process. 

       design, process specification, on-time delivery, and customer satisfaction. 

23. (TCO 11) Regal Products has a budget of $900,000 in 20X6 for prevention costs. If it decides to automate a portion of its prevention activities, it will save $60,000 in variable costs. The new method will require $18,000 in training costs and $120,000 in annual equipment costs. Management is willing to adjust the budget for an amount up to the cost of the new equipment. The budgeted production level is 150,000 units. Appraisal costs for the year are budgeted at $600,000. The new prevention procedures will save appraisal costs of $30,000. Internal failure costs average $15 per failed unit of finished goods. The internal failure rate is expected to be 3% of all completed items. The proposed changes will cut the internal failure rate by one-third. Internal failure units are destroyed. External failure costs average $54 per failed unit. The company’s average external failures average 3% of units sold. The new proposal will reduce this rate by 50%. Assume all units produced are sold and there are no ending inventories. How much will internal failure costs change if the internal product failures are reduced by 50% with the new procedures? (Points: 5)

       $500,000 decrease 

       $750,000 decrease 

       $33,750 decrease 

       $67,500 decrease 

24. (TCO 12) Obsolescence is an example of which cost category? (Points: 5)

       ordering costs 

       carrying costs 

       labor costs 

       quality costs 

25. (TCO 12) Liberty Celebrations, Inc., manufactures a line of flags. The annual demand for its flag display is estimated to be 100,000 units. The annual cost of carrying one unit in inventory is $1.60, and the cost to initiate a production run is $30. There are no flag displays on hand but Liberty had scheduled 60 equal production runs of the display sets for the coming year, the first of which is to be run immediately. Liberty Celebrations has 250 business days per year. Assume that sales occur uniformly throughout the year and that production is instantaneous. If Liberty Celebrations does not maintain a safety stock, the estimated total carrying cost for the flag displays for the coming year is the estimated total setup cost for the flag displays for the coming year is (Points: 5)

       $1,800 

       $2,000 

       $1,600. 

       $1,500.

 

(TCO 5) Robert’s Medical Equipment Company manufactures hospital beds. Its most popular model, Deluxe, sells for $5,000. It has variable costs totaling $2,800 and fixed costs of $1,000 per unit, based on an average production run of 5,000 units. It normally has four production runs a year, with $400,000 in setup costs each time. Plant capacity can handle up to six runs a year for a total of 30,000 beds.

A competitor is introducing a new hospital bed similar to Deluxe that will sell for $4,000. Management believes it must lower the price to compete. Marketing believes that the new price will increase sales by 25% a year. The plant manager thinks that production can increase by 25% with the same level of fixed costs. The company currently sells all the Deluxe beds it can produce.

Question 1:  What is the annual operating income from Deluxe at the current price of $5,000?

 

 

Question 2:  What is the annual operating income from Deluxe if the price is reduced to $4,000 and sales in units increase by 25%?

 

 (TCO 7) Grace Greeting Cards Incorporated is starting a new business venture and are in the process of evaluating its product lines. Information for one new product, traditional parchment grade cards, is as follows:

∙       Sixteen times each year, a new card design will be put into production. Each new design will require  $600 in setup costs.

∙       The parchment grade card product line incurred $75,000 in development costs and is expected to be   produced over the next four years.

∙       Direct costs of producing the designs average $0.50 each.

∙       Indirect manufacturing costs are estimated at $50,000 per year.

∙       Customer service expenses average $0.10 per card.

∙       Current sales are expected to be 2,500 units of each card design. Each card sells for $3.50.

∙       Sales units equal production units each year.

What is the estimated life-cycle operating income for the first year?

Please check the attached excel sheet for computations

 

 

Grace Greeting Cards Incorporated

Production

40,000

cards

Sales (40,000 x$ 3.5)

$140,000

 

 

 

 

Less: Variable Costs:

 

 

Direct Manufacturing

$20,000

 

Marketing

$4,000

$24,000

CM

 

$116,000

 

 

 

Less: Fixed Costs

 

 

Setup Costs

$9,600

 

Development Costs

$18,750

 

Indirect Manufacturing Costs

$50,000

$78,350

Operating Income

 

$37,650

 

 

4. (TCO 8) Sportswear Company manufactures socks. The Athletic Division sells its socks for $6 a pair to outsiders. Socks have manufacturing costs of $2.50 each for variable and $1.50 for fixed. The division’s total fixed manufacturing costs are $105,000 at the normal volume of 70,000 units.

The European Division has offered to buy 15,000 socks at the full cost of $4. The Athletic Division has excess capacity and the 15,000 units can be produced without interfering with the current outside sales of 70,000. The 85,000 volume is within the division’s relevant operating range.

Explain whether the Athletic Division should accept the offer.  Support your decision showing all calculations.

(Points: 25)

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