A Basic Tkinter Framework Was Shown That Can Display A Canvas With Lines Drawn Upon 3188225

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Programming Assignment 03a
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Purpose:
* Combine ModelData.py, constructTransform.py, and the tkinter
framework examples to achieve parallel projection display of meshes.
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Background:
* In PA 01, a basic tkinter framework was shown that can display a
canvas with lines drawn upon it. In PA 02b, ModelData.py got
updated to include transformation capability.
* By bringing together these two items, a simple program to display
parallel projected meshes can be created.
* The functionality will include: (a) loading a mesh file,
(b) displaying the loaded mesh by drawing triangles (and the
enclosing viewport rectangle), and (c) clearing the display of
any drawn triangles (and the viewport rectangle).
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Tasks:
1. Download HMWK_03a_dalioba.zip from Blackboard.
2. Unzip the file somewhere convenient.
3. Change ‘dalioba’ in the name of the directory to your NetID.
(Your NetID is three letters followed by four or five digits.
The directory name will now be something like
‘hmwk_03a_abc1234’.)
4. Look in that directory.
5. AMAZING! There are _no_ Python files in which you have to change
the header lines. Instead, use the files ModelData.py,
constructTransform.py, main.py, myWidgets.py, and myGraphics.py
from PA 01 and 02b. (You _did_ remember to update the header
lines in those files, right?)
6. To do part (a) mentioned in the Background section above, update
the toolbar_load_callback() method to get a filename and (if the
user didn’t CANCEL) then load the mesh by making (and saving) an
instance of ModelData.
7. To do part (b) mentioned in the Background section above, we first
update the ModelData class to allow the specification of a
transform and to return transformed vertices. Write two more
methods for the ModelData class:
* specifyTransform( self, ax, ay, sx, sy ) which just remembers
the passed values. It doesn’t have to return anything.
and
* getTransformedVertex( self, vNum ) which returns a tuple of
x’, y’, z’ values. x’ and y’ are computed from vertex number
vNum’s x and y values according to the remembered ax, ay, sx,
and sy values. Since this is a parallel projection onto the
XY plane, z’ is always 0.0.
Once the ModelData class is updated, we then update the
toolbar_draw_callback() method to:
* Return at once if a mesh hasn’t been loaded. (Also display
a message in the status bar stating that this happened.)
* Get the current canvas width and height.
* Get the Window and Viewport info from the ModelData instance.
* Construct the transform using constructTransform().
* Specify the transform to the ModelData instance using the new
method specifyTransform() mentioned above.
* Invoke the create_graphic_objects() method, passing not only
the canvas but also the ModelData instance.
* Draw the Viewport rectangle.
You also have to update the create_graphic_objects() method to
take not only a canvas but also a ModelData instance. That method
should
* For each face from the ModelData instance, get the
three vertex numbers for that face.
* Get from the ModelData instance the transformed vertex
coordinates for v1, v2, and v3 using the getTransformedVertex()
method mentioned above.
* Draw three lines, v1->v2, v2->v3, and v3->v1.
8. Part (c) mentioned above doesn’t require any work as the
toolbar_reset_callback() method already does what’s necessary.
9. Try out your nifty mesh drawing program using the cow.txt and
monkey.txt mesh files. You should see something like what’s
represented in the screenshot files.
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Submission:
Make a zipfile of your ‘hmwk_03a_abc1234’ directory (where
‘abc1234’ is replaced with YOUR NetID) and submit it on
Blackboard as your results for this assignment.
Your submission should be a zipfile that has exactly one item in
it, a directory named ‘hmwk_03a_abc1234’ (where ‘abc1234’ is
YOUR NetID). Inside that directory should be the source files
for your solution. All you really need to submit are the Python
files (ModelData.py, constructTransform.py, main.py, myWidgets.py,
and myGraphics.py).
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Hints:
1. Ensure your submission is packaged EXACTLY as described above.
Submissions in the wrong format score ZERO points.
2. To use the file dialog, put these import lines in your Python
file (right after the import of tkinter):
from tkinter import simpledialog
from tkinter import filedialog
You’ll then be able to use the filedialog thusly:
fName = tk.filedialog.askopenfilename( filetypes = [ ( “allfiles”, “*” ) ] )
When it returns, if len( fName ) == 0, that means the user clicked
the CANCEL button, so don’t try to do a load. (Also, display a
message in the status bar saying this happened.)
3. Don’t forget to import ModelData (from ModelData.py) at the top of
myWidgets.py.
4. Don’t forget to constructTransform (from constructTransform.py)
at the top of myWidgets.py.
5. Don’t forget that you have to ‘intify’ the width and height
when you retrieve the canvas size. (For some reason, cget
returns them as strings?)
6. FYI, to get all this to work, I made NO changes to the reference
implementation of main.py from PA 01 or to constructTransform.py
from PA 02b.
ModelData.py changed to include the two new methods,
specifyTransform() (five (5) lines of code for the method itself
and four (4) lines of code to initialize the member variables in
the __init__() method) and getTransformedVertex() (three (3) lines
of code).
The only change to myGraphics.py was to update
cl_world > create_graphics_object() so that it would take the
extra parameter and draw the face triangles. That function is now
six (6) lines of code.
In myWidgets.py I added one (1) line to cl_widgets > __init__().
The cl_toolbar > toolbar_load_callback() method gets the
filename and if it’s not empty creates and saves a ModelData
instance. Six (6) lines of code in total, not counting
blank lines.
The cl_toolbar > toolbar_draw_callback() method ensures there
is a loaded ModelData instance, retrieves the canvas size,
constructs the transform, specifies the transform, calls the
create_graphic_objects method, and then computes and draws the
viewport rectangle. Sixteen (16) lines of code in total, not
counting blank lines.
So that’s what? 41 new lines of code? (Not counting the imports
at the top of the Python file.)
Not bad for a program that will now display arbtrarily complex
meshes in parallel projection.
7. The Monkey.png screenshot was captured with a canvas size of
500 x 500. The Cow.png screenshot was captured with a canvas
size of 830 x 500.
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