2 Paragraphs Response Only 2 Response For There Two Article One Paragraph Fro Each Student

Question Description

minimum of 2 peer-reviewed references and citations in APA format. In addition, at least two responses to classmates are required. Responses to classmates include providing additional information about the topic and can also include asking probing questions.

2 response for there two article, one paragraph fro each student.

Student1:

Psychological and emotional conditions

Mental health can be a very severe issue that may require medical attention. In Lebanon 17% of people suffer from mental health issues and at least 90% cannot be treated due to lack of access to medical care (Pfister, n.d.). Most of the financial budget is not spent on mental health. The amount spent is 5% less than most European countries but is higher than the global average which is 3.2% (Pfister, n.d.). They are in a decent spot having a good number of psychiatrists and clinical phycologists, however, not enough time and money is put into the mental health aspect of life.

Cultural issues and stressors

One major cultural stressor was the civil war that occurred from 1975 to 1990 that caused several detrimental issues to the country along with the people in it (Catriona, n.d.). Israel also took over many areas for eight years causing migration. This migration caused lifestyle changes negatively impacting the health of the people who lived there. While the war mostly affected those living there in the years the war occurred it still impacts the cultures health and their views on politics, social standards, and their economy.

Stigma in Lebanon

A recent finding of a stigma around mental health has been most common with “children, women, refugees and members of the LGBTQ community. They emphasized the continuing challenge of a lack of awareness in the community and ongoing stigma, even among health care providers” (Ajrouch, n.d.). Along with these groups it is known that men do not bring to attention if they have a mental illness either. The International Red cross committee explains that they do hold awareness events however, because of the stigma throughout communities’ people are afraid to open up. Along with this especially in middle eastern countries some of these ways of living are not acceptable by parents or other family members. This feeling of not being able to open up is not healthy because it only enhances signs and symptoms of a mental illness and is not a healthy life to live if the individual is not living it how they want.

References

Ajrouch, K. J., Abdulrahim, S., & Antonucci, T. C. (n.d.). Stress, SocialRelations, and Psychological Health OvertheLife Course: A Focus on Lebanon. Retrieved from http://csa.org.lb/cms/assets/2013/ajrouch_abdulrah…

(Links to an external site.)

Links to an external site.

Catriona. (n.d.). Addressing mental health needs in Lebanon. Retrieved from https://odihpn.org/magazine/addressing-mental-heal…

(Links to an external site.)

Links to an external site.

Pfister, M. (n.d.). Stigma around mental health lingers in Lebanon. Retrieved from http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2018…

Student2:

Psychological and emotional conditions

People suffering from HIV/AIDs in Nigeria experience psychological and emotional conditions because of their health status. One emotional condition suffered by people living with HIV/AIDs in Nigeria is discrimination. HIV/AIDs in Nigeria is a dreaded disease and the lack of awareness among the public about its transmission makes them avoid physical contact with people suffering from the disease (Awofala & Ogundele, 2018). Therefore, people living with disease are isolated from the communities they live in and they feel unwanted. This can lead to feelings of low self-esteem, depression and suicidal thoughts.

Additionally, contracting HIV/AIDs in Nigeria is seen as an act of immoral behavior hence those suffering from the disease opt to suffer in silence while many opt not to get tested. Some family members of those suffering from HIV/AIDs also cut ties with victims as they feel ashamed of the patients’ conditions. A person suffering from HIV/AIDs in Nigeria brings shame to his/her family and can be ex-communicated (Awofala & Ogundele, 2018). Such discrimination can lead to feelings of unworthiness and depression among the patients.

Furthermore, people suffering from HIV/AIDs face mockery in the society. When someone suffering from the disease comes out, he/she is subjected to ridicule and mockery which can negatively affect their mental health.

Cultural issues and stressors

Due to lack of awareness of HIV/AIDs in Nigeria, sections of the public attribute HIV/AIDs to witchcraft and spiritual issues. People suffering from HIV/AIDs are seen to be bewitched or punished spiritually (Ogbonna, Simon, & Emelumadu, 2016). In rural areas where witchcraft and traditional religion are dominant, people from HIV/AIDs can be excommunicated and regarded to be immoral.

Additionally, Nigeria culture is highly collective and members of the community are required to be moral guided by cultural values and beliefs. Therefore, people suffering from HIV/AIDs are seen as immoral and against the cultural values of the community. This hinders people suffering from the disease revealing their status and getting medical help and also acts a barrier for people to get tested.

Some communities in Nigeria allow polygamy and some people have multiple sexual partners which contribute to new HIV/AIDs infection. Although illegal, homosexuality in Nigeria also contributes to new HIV/AIDs infections. Other cultural practices such as child marriage, female genital mutilation, and levirate marriage also contribute to the increased HIV/AIDs infections especially among women (Stephen et al., 2015).

Stigma

People living with HIV/AIDs in Nigeria experience stigma in the society. They are seen as outcasts and immoral people which lead to discrimination in the society. The discrimination ranges from schools, hospitals, and employment. In schools, children who suffer from the disease are discriminated by their teachers and fellow students which has negative psychological effects (Odimegwu, Akinyemi, & Alabi, 2017). Additionally, people living with HIV/AIDs are in some instances discriminated in the access of medical treatment which employers can decide not to employ a person if he/she is HIV positive. Access to medical treatment is difficult for people suffering from HIV/AIDs due to discrimination and they are in some instances denied antiretroviral drugs (Odimegwu, Akinyemi, & Alabi, 2017). Due to the stigma associated with HIV/AIDs many people fear to know their status and others opt to suffer in silence rather than seeking support.

References

Odimegwu, C.O., Akinyemi, J.O., & Alabi, O.O. (2017). HIV-Stigma in Nigeria: Review of Research Studies, Policies, and Programmes. AIDs Research and Treatment, 2017: 5812650. doi: 10.1155/2017/5812650

(Links to an external site.)

Links to an external site.

Stephen, S. et al. (2015). Cultural Practices and Prevalence of HIV/AIDS among Nigerian Women. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 5(18): 12-18.

Ogbonna, B.O., Simon, U.O., & Emelumadu, O.F. (2016). Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing HIV/AIDS Prevalence in Nigeria; A Review. Elixir Bio Sciences, 92(2016).

Awofala, A.A., & Ogundele, O.E. (2018). HIV epidemiology in Nigeria. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 25(4): 697-203.

Duepapers
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.